What available render elements are there?
Tutorial: Setting up and compositing CESSENTIAL render elements
Two render elements are always present: Beauty and Alpha.
Use render elements wisely, because each one currently increases the RAM usage for rendering. Enabling denoising for each render element additionally increases RAM usage.
Some shading-derived render elements will not render when using the “Render only elements” function.
Basic beauty decomposition
These 7 elements represent the standard (but not the only possible) way to compose final image from elements in Corona Renderer: you need to render all elements starting with
CESSENTIAL and compose them using the “add” operation in linear color space (i.e. before adding gamma). All of them are only computed when using regular rendering; they will output black when using “Render only elements” mode.
|All diffusely bounced direct illumination (light that bounced exactly once in the scene before hitting camera)|
|All diffusely bounced indirect illumination (light that bounced at least twice in the scene before hitting camera).|
|All light specularly reflected into the camera (both direct and indirect). Includes imperfect and perfectly glossy (mirror) reflections.|
|All light refracted into camera (both direct and indirect). Includes imperfect and perfectly glossy (e.g. glass) refractions|
|All translucency lighting (both direct and indirect).|
|All light that is emitted directly into the camera, with no bounces (i.e. directly visible lights sources/scene environment)|
|CESSENTIAL_Volumetrics||It contains the scattering in volumetric media (useful for example for separating clouds and fog)|
Geometry render elements
Render elements containing additional geometry information. They can be used for masking, DOF/motion blur simulation, denoising, or visual debugging of the scene.
|Outputs the angle between the surface normal and ray direction (similarly to the Falloff map). White indicates surface directly facing the view; surfaces facing away from the view (grazing angles) are black. This quickly shows how does the scene look without shading.|
|Outputs the surface normal vectors as color values (with transformation |
|Outputs the surface normal vectors as color values (with transformation |
|Outputs the surface mapping coordinates for selected channel. This can be used to check for mapping discontinuities and objects lacking mapping.|
|Outputs the surface world position XYZ vector directly as an RGB color.|
|Outputs the z-buffer channel, with adjustable min (white) and max (black) depths.|
|CGeometry_Velocity||Stores velocity information of scene objects. Object's motion is mapped into RGB colors. Useful for adding motion blur in post production without the need for re-rendering.|
Masking render elements
These render elements are used primarily for masking individual scene elements for postprocessing. They are all rendered even when using “Render elements only” function.
|Assigns a random color to each pixel using one of the available modes. The most important ones are: Primitive ID: each primitive (typically triangle) in a mesh has different color, Material ID: each assigned material has different color, and Instance ID: each scene object has different color.|
|Creates a custom set of rules for including/excluding each object from the mask. The available conditions are material gbuffer ID, object gbuffer ID, and direct object selections|
|CMasking_WireColor||Assigns colors to pixels based on object's 3ds Max wire color (the default color which is assigned to newly created objects). This can be used to generate masks, for example to select specific objects in post production.|
Shading render elements
Various shading-related elements. Some of the require full rendering (not “Render only elements” mode), as indicated in the second column.
|CShading_Beauty||Yes||An additional Beauty element, which can be added multiple times to get different versions of the final image:|
|No||Shows the albedo (total reflectivity of the surface - the fraction of energy that is reflected in any way from the surface) of the scene surfaces. Scenes with too high albedo can cause problems - washed-out look and excessive render times. This element can be used to quickly spot and fix problems - typically if your walls/floors/ceilings are shown in red, lowering their brightness will speed up rendering. Note: red does not automatically mean bad. Only problem is red on large, diffuse areas, like walls. For more detailed guide, see:What is albedo? How to use it?|
|Yes||Duplicates the built-in alpha channel, so it can be saved to a separate location.|
|Yes||This versatile render element allows selecting custom subset of lighting components. It can add diffuse, reflect, refract, and translucency lighting, in both direct and indirect (GI) variants. The basic decomposition elements can be recreated using this element (see: this illustration), or it can be used for finer division (e.g. separating reflect direct and indirect lighting).|
|Yes||This shows one component (diffuse, reflect, refract, …) color divided by the corresponding |
|Yes||Shows the shadows (energy subtracted from the image due to shadow ray occlusion). This is the complement to the beauty element, showing white where there are black shadows. If this element is linearly added to the beauty pass, it negates the visible shadows. Note that currently the shadows from environment lighting are always shown, resulting in a washed-out element in typical interior renders.|
|No||The input color of a selected component (diffuse, reflect, refract, …). This is the value read from the texture, clamped to obey energy conservation laws.|
|No||Allows evaluation of an arbitrary texmap on all scene surfaces/environment. For example the AO element can be easily created by adding |
|CShading_BloomGlare||Yes||This element contains only the Corona's bloom and glare effect (against a black background). It can be used to compose and adjust bloom and glare in post production.|
|CShading_Caustics||Yes||Shows only reflective and refractive caustics coming from the fast caustics solver. It can be used to compose and adjust caustics in post production.|
|CShading_LightMix||Yes||This render element is required to show the interactive LightMix in the VFB. It is possible to add multiple elements of this type, however currently (Corona Renderer 4) each one of them will show exactly the same LightMix setup.|
|CShading_LightSelect||Yes||This render element is required to show scene lights as adjustable items of the interactive LightMix. It stores information about the specific light(s) included in this element's settings. Saving a LightSelect element will always save the light intensity and color as it is defined in the scene itself, without the LightMix adjustments.|
Additional info render elements
These elements can be used to obtain additional information about the rendered image, which is sometimes useful, for example for diagnosing issues.
|CInfo_NetworkRenderDebugging||This element prints the name of the render node it is being rendered on during distributed rendering. It is sometimes useful for debugging (e.g. you can use it to find out which render node produces incorrect results).|
|CInfo_RenderStamp||Contains only the render stamp. This is useful if you wish to render the Beauty pass without the render stamp, and have access to the statistics printed in the stamp separately.|
|Shows how samples are distributed in the image during rendering. Brighter areas mean more samples. Darker areas mean less samples. This element is available only if adaptivity is enabled (it is enabled by default). It updates each time adaptivity is re-calculated (by default every 5 passes).|